Subscribe to Newsletter
Monthly Newsletter: Join more than 3,000 African literature enthusiasts!
Subscribe for African literature news, and receive a free copy of our "Guide to African Novels."

Literature Beyond The Printed Page

Gone are the days when the average reader sits on a rocking chair for two whole days lost in the world of George Elliot’s chunky Middle March. Now think of a poem where flash media meets sound art to create poetic imagery so alive that the “reader” can almost touch it. Think of a novel or an anti-novel where the lost craft of the storyteller—oral narration—is fused with state of the art gaming and graphic design technology? What of novels written in the form of text messages and emails. What of emoticon poems? This is the world of electronic literature.

Electronic literature does not refer to E-books and other printed works in digitized forms. First born in print and then reformatted for an electronic medium, an e-book is still page-bound. In contrast, there is the “born digital” literature, a new type of artistic object.  Created in a networked computer, it cannot be experienced in any other format. A “born digital” novel like TOC can only be “read” or encountered on the computer screen because it is the product of a complex mixture of media technology. A digital novel is page-unbound. The world of electronic literature is a collaborative world where a single work might pass through the hands of the writer, web developer, and graphic designer.

Electronic Literature Organization (ELO) is a group of developers and academicians who spend their time producing and thinking about the emergent art form called electronic literature. They claim that the urgency of their movement is validated by the changing spirit of the times.  “Born digital literature,” they claim, is the way out for a “generation of readers for whom the printed book is no longer an exclusive medium of education or aesthetic practice.”  Encoded in this observation is the darker premonition that we are at the cusp of a media Armageddon that the e-book is too powerless to reverse.

It is the desperate moment when we discover that this empire, which had seemed to us the sum of all wonders, is an endless, formless ruin–Italo Calvino, Invisible Cities

The reason people are not reading the Brothers Karamazov is not because it costs ten dollars more in book format than it costs on Kindle.  Books as material objects are going out of fashion but so is the act of reading as a mode of relating self to knowledge. Maybe the problem is not entirely that people are not reading any longer but that people are reading differently. Electronic literary experts understand this, which is why they are preoccupied with producing art forms that are more in line with the digitally structured mind.

Freed from the motionlessness of the printed page, what might a poem look like? “A Dreamlife of Letters” by Brian Kim Stefans is an example of a poem floating in colored space.

Another work to check out the new media novel, TOC, a product  of collaborative effort (Steve Tomasula, Stephen Farell, Matt Lavoy), published in 2009.

A clip.

The Final Journey

For more video clips of toc

Tags: , , , , , , , , , , , , ,

I hold a doctorate in English from Duke University and recently joined the Marquette University English faculty as an Assistant Professor. I love teaching African fiction and contemporary British novels. Brittle Paper is the virtual space/station where I play and experiment with ideas on how to reinvent African fiction and literary culture.

2 Responses to “Literature Beyond The Printed Page” Subscribe

  1. Boye 2010/09/01 at 23:18 #

    I fear we lament the death of reading unnecessarily. Mass reading for recreation/renewal/regeneration may be dead but it had a very short life. Since our first ancestor first used symbols to store and transmit information, reading has been the preserve of a few. The printing press and industrialization may have made this more accessible but the masses have chosen to go back to their favorite distractions and reading was never one of them. The rest of us will continue to prefer a book savored over five days to the 90 minute movie version.

    This new electronic thing will add more noise and stimulation to brains already in a state of hyperstimulation.

  2. Ainehi 2010/09/02 at 17:45 #

    Your comment makes me question the uncritical emphasis people tend to give to reading as the only productive way of relating oneself to knowledge. Which is where I think the underlying discourse of electronic literature lies i. e. the monopoly of reading is coming to an end such that while reading might never disappear, it has to give way to other forms of media–conceptual sound art, graphic design, etc–to mediate the human experience of self and knowledge.

Leave a Reply

Welcome to Brittle Paper, your go-to site for African writing and literary culture. We bring you all the latest news and juicy updates on publications, authors, events, prizes, and lifestyle. Follow us on Twitter and Instagram (@brittlepaper) and sign up for our "I love African Literature" newsletter.

Monthly Newsletter!

Subscribe for African literature news, and receive a free copy of our
"Guide to African Novels."


Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie’s Purple Hibiscus Turns 15: The Best Moments of a Modern Classic

chimamanda ngozi adichie - by ecrivain

“It wasn’t the first novel I wrote,” Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie told the audience at the University of Nairobi, during her […]

Quramo Writers’ Prize 2018 Unveils Top 5 Finalists

Quramo 1

Lagos – 10/10/18: Quramo Publishing has unveiled the Top 5 finalists of the Quramo Writers’ Prize 2018, two weeks after […]

Enter for the K & L Prize for African Literature

k and l prize

Submissions have begun for the 2019 K & L Prize for African Literature. The $1,000 prize, which is in its […]

The 2018 African Literature Association (ALA) Book Awards | Call for Nominations

ala yale 2017

Submissions have begun for the 2018 African Literature Association (ALA) Book Awards. The deadline for submissions is 1 November 2018. The […]

Nominate a Writer for the Fonlon-Nichols Award for African Literature

nadine gordimer - collage

Nominate a creative writer for the Fonlon-Nichols Award by 1 November 2018. This award, established in 1992 to honor Bernard […]

Pentecostal Republic | A Powerful New Book Tackles the Role of Pentecostalism in Nigerian Politics

pentecostal republics ebenezer obadare

Nigerian Sociologist Ebenezer Obadare is asking us to take a closer look at the underlying forces of Nigeria’s political life. […]

Thanks for signing up!

Never miss out on new posts. Subscribe to a digest, too:

No thanks, I only want the monthly newsletter.