Subscribe to Newsletter
Monthly Newsletter: Join more than 5,000 African literature enthusiasts!
Subscribe for African literature news, and receive a free copy of our "Guide to African Novels."

From L-R: Yewande Omotoso, Karen Jennings, and NoViolet Bulawayo, the three finalists for the 2013 Etisalat Prize at the award ceremony in February, 2014. Photo credit: Etisalat Nigeria.

In the midst of the pressure to deliver under that heavy tag “African Writer,” in the back and forth between critics and between writers and between critics and writers, in the midst of big novels and million-dollar book deals and accumulating prizes, it is easy to lose sight of community and what it means to many on the literary scene.

Here are five instances where writers from our continent demonstrated a bounteous spirit of community, five beautiful, humbling acts of generosity. They teach us that social awareness is important, that writing is not a competition, and most all, that there are many ways to make a difference, and that they all matter.

Aminatta Forna. Image from her Website.

Aminatta Forna, The Rogbonko Project, 2002 till Date

When literary people think of “building community,” they do it in expected ways—founding workshops, founding publishing houses, founding magazines and journals, building mentorship networks. But when Aminatta Forna first thought of it, it was something unconventional. Last December, we ran a special feature with photos to mark the 15th year of the philanthropic initiative she started: The Rogbonko Project, which has driven the rebuilding of a village in Sierra Leone.

When she began it, the initiative’s mission was to build a school in the village, which, as a result of the start of the country’s civil war in 1991, fell behind the rebel line and was cut off from the rest of the country for a decade, and ran into serious economic decline. But since then, the initiative has further run sanitation and maternal health projects. The Rogbonko Project is further interesting as “every project undertaken in Rogbonko is initiated, administered and entirely run by the village.” It is rooted in “the belief that Africans already possess the knowledge, will and systems to transform their living conditions.” The project is modeled to prove that “Africa has all the experts it needs—they’re the people who live there.”

We applaud the truly great, humbling work Aminatta Forna has put in here—“applaud,” because we have no adequate words for this. Aminatta Forna is the ultimate inspiration. The critically acclaimed, Windham-Campbell Prize-winning, extraordinarily busy Sierra Leonean-Scottish author’s fourth novel Happiness came out in March, landing her the cover of Kirkus Reviews.

Please donate to the project HERE.

Visit the project Website HERE.

NoViolet Bulawayo at the Etisalat Prize ceremony in 2014.

NoViolet Bulawayo, Etisalat Prize Fellowship, 2014

In April 2014, two months after she received the inaugural Etisalat Prize for Literature for her Man Booker Prize-shortlisted debut novel We Need New Names, the Etisalat Prize announced that NoViolet “has, in a genuine demonstration of sportsmanship, gifted her runner-up, Yewande Omotoso, the Fellowship attached to her winning.” Yewande Omotoso was a finalist for her novel Bom Boy.

The fellowship required four months at the University of East Anglia in Norwich, UK, under the mentorship of Professor Giles Foden, author of The Last King of Scotland. While she kept the $15,000 (£10,000) prize money, NoViolet’s prior commitment to her then ongoing Wallace Stegner Fellowship at Stanford University meant she could not be available for University of East Anglia. “I have gifted it to my runner-up, Yewande Omotoso, in the hope that her participation would further promote the values that Etisalat Nigeria sought to achieve with this literary prize,” said the Zimbabwean novelist known for her easygoing humility.

At that point, We Need New Names had collected the 2014 PEN / Hemingway Award for Debut Fiction a month earlier and the Art Seidenbaum Award for First Fiction at the Los Angeles Times Book Prizes days before the announcement, on its way to becoming one of the most-awarded debuts by an African. The gesture was widely applauded.

Namwali Serpell.

Namwali Serpell, Caine Prize Money, 2015

It was the talk of the scene back in 2015 when, after becoming the first Zambian to win the Caine Prize for her story “The Sack,” Namwali Serpell announced that she would be splitting her £10,000 ($15,000) prize money with her fellow shortlisted writers—South Africans Fatima Kola and Masande Ntashanga, and Nigerians Elnathan John and Segun Afolabi—“as an act of mutiny.” It was a radical first.

“It is very awkward to be placed into this position of competition with other writers that you respect immensely,” she said, because she understood that literary competitions are not about fighting to the death to win a prize but about supporting people you respect. “Having a single winner is for hype rather than interest.”

But this is an example of how a gracious decision can double as a political protest: During the Caine Prize events in London, Serpell had asked why, if the focus was Africa, the events were being held in London. Surely, Lagos or Johannesburg or Nairobi would be better? The reply she got stunned her: “This is where the money is.” And so she decided to show that it isn’t about the money.

Jose Eduardo Agualusa with his book A General Theory of Oblivion. Photo credit: LEON NEAL/AFP/Getty Images.

Jose Eduardo Agualusa, Public Library Building, 2017

In June of 2017, celebrated Angolan writer Jose Eduardo Agualusa’s 20th book, A General Theory of Oblivion, made him the second African to win the €100,000 International Dublin Literary Award. The prize money is traditionally shared between the author (€75,000) and his translator (€25,000).

€75,000 is a fat sum, and Agualusa announced he would use it to “fulfil a dream of building a public library” in his adopted home, Mozambique. “What we really need is a public library, because people don’t have access to books, so if I can do something to help that, it will be great,” he said. “We have already found a place and I can put my own personal library in there and open it to the people of the island. It’s been a dream for a long time.”

But Agualusa went further. Due to his friendship with his translator Daniel Hahn, he announced that he will further donate €2,000 to the Translators Association First Translation Prize.

Makena Onjerika. Image from Wuzup Nigeria.

Makena Onjerika, Caine Prize Money, 2018

For all the criticism it gets, which is entirely fair, the Caine Prize is certainly doing one thing right: giving its winners reasons to be generous. This July, after Makena Onjerika won it for her story “Fanta Blackcurrant,” making her the fourth Kenyan to take it home, she stated, in misreported news, that she would be donating “half” of the prize money to “help rehabilitate street children” in Kenya—a demographic from which her story’s protagonist comes.

“Kenyans – me included – do not see street kids as children,” she said. “There are children, and then there are ‘chokora.’” “Chokora,” a derogatory Swahili term, means “street urchins.” As for the rest of the money? “With the rest of the money I’ll buy a car,” she said. “Or maybe a motorcycle to get through traffic jams in Nairobi.”

A day later, however, Onjerika tweeted a clarification: She “will be donating about a tenth of my winnings to a street rehabilation center and hopefully working with others for the long term around children’s affairs.” A tenth, not half. Still, it is affecting. What matters the most is that she is doing it.


Are there more of such examples that we missed? 

Tags: , , , , , ,

About Otosirieze Obi-Young

View all posts by Otosirieze Obi-Young
Otosirieze Obi-Young is a writer, journalist, & Deputy Editor of Brittle Paper. The recipient of the inaugural The Future Awards Prize for Literature in 2019, he sits on the judging panels of The Miles Morland Writing Scholarships and of The Gerald Kraak Prize. He is Nonfiction Editor at 14, Nigeria’s first queer art collective, which has published volumes including We Are Flowers (2017) and The Inward Gaze (2018). He is Curator at The Art Naija Series, a sequence of e-anthologies of writing and visual art focusing on different aspects of Nigerianness, including Enter Naija: The Book of Places (2016), which explores cities, and Work Naija: The Book of Vocations (2017), which explores professions. His work in queer equality advocacy in literature has been profiled in Literary Hub. His fiction has appeared in The Threepenny Review and Transition. He has completed a collection of short stories, You Sing of a Longing, is working on a novel, and is represented by David Godwin Associates literary agency. He has an M.A. in African Studies and a combined honours B.A. in History & International Studies/English & Literary Studies, both from the University of Nigeria, Nsukka. He taught English in a private Nigerian university. Find him at, where he accepts writing and editing offers, or on Instagram or Twitter: @otosirieze. When bored, he Googles Rihanna.

No comments yet.

Leave a Reply

Welcome to Brittle Paper, your go-to site for African writing and literary culture. We bring you all the latest news and juicy updates on publications, authors, events, prizes, and lifestyle. Follow us on Twitter and Instagram (@brittlepaper) and sign up for our "I love African Literature" newsletter.

Monthly Newsletter!

Subscribe for African literature news, and receive a free copy of our
"Guide to African Novels."


Apply to Africa Is a Country’s $3,000 Fellowship Program for Intellectual & Cultural Producers of Africa-Related Knowledge


The political and intellectual culture platform Africa Is a Country (AIAC) has announced its inaugural Fellowship Program, “of up to […]

Oxford English Dictionary Recognizes West African English, Adds 29 Nigerian Words & Senses

danfo buses in Lagos - guardian nigeria

Oxford English Dictionary has recognized West African English, bringing its number of World Englishes to 15, including Australian, Canadian, Caribbean, Hong Kong, Irish, […]

100 Most Influential Young Nigerians: Otosirieze Obi-Young, Arit Okpo, Kiki Mordi, Richard Akuson & Olutimehin Adegbeye Make Avance Media’s List

otosirieze obi-young, arit okpo, olutimehin adegbeye, richard akuson, kiki mordi on Avance Media's list of 100 most influential young nigerians

Brittle Paper’s Deputy Editor Otosirieze Obi-Young has been named one of the “100 Most Influential Young Nigerians” in 2019 by […]

For Working Class Writers & Refugees, Sulaiman Addonia Is Giving Out 40 Free Tickets to the Asmara Addis Festival

Asmara Addis Literray Festival in Exile (13)

When writing is described as an elitist profession, critics mean that opportunities in the field are determined by access, which […]

Modern Sudanese Poetry | New Anthology Spans Six Decades of Sudanese History & Cultural Intersections

Modern Sudanese Poetry - graph

Modern Sudanese Poetry: An Anthology, translated and edited by the Sudanese poet Adil Babikir, was published in paperback in September […]

Chuma Nwokolo Compensated in Plagiarism Lawsuit Against High Definition Film Studio, Shares More Stories of Plagiarism of His Work

chuma nwokolo by Yusuf Dahir

In November 2019, the Nigerian author Chuma Nwokolo called out Nollywood filmmaker Bright Wonder Obasi for using sections of his […]

Thanks for signing up!

Never miss out on new posts. Subscribe to a digest, too:

No thanks, I only want the monthly newsletter.