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Molara Ogundipe-Leslie. Image from Makerere University site via Google.

The Nigerian professor, poet, critic, editor, activist and leading feminist thinker Molara Ogundipe has passed on at 78. She died on Tuesday, 18 June, in her home in Ijebu-Igbo, Ogun State, Nigeria.

One of the most cited theorists in gender studies, she is best known for founding Stiwanism, a sub-movement of feminism. Articulated in her 1994 book Re-Creating Ourselves: African Women and Critical Transformations, the movement—based on the coinage STIWA: Social Transformation Including Women in Africa—argued for the understanding of black African women in the context of socio-economic hierarchies—indigenous social culture, gender, race, religion, class, and national development—in ways that are both individual and collective even when contradictory. She argued that Nigeria’s social and political institutions may be best developed with the inclusion and rediscovery of the role of women. Her work is a major basis for feminist thinkers.

Born Abiodun Omolara Ogundipe in Lagos, to a family of educators and clergy, she attained several academic firsts in the male-dominated field of scholarship: at the University College, Ibadan, she became the first person to graduate with First Class honours in English; and then the first Nigerian woman to become a PhD in Narratology, this time at Leiden University, The Netherlands. She taught English, Creative Writing, Comparative Literature and Gender Studies at Ogun State University and the University of Port Harcourt in Nigeria, Legon University in Ghana, and Northwestern University in the USA. A columnist for the Nigerian newspapers The Guardian, where she was on the editorial board, and The Nation, she was the Founder and Director of the Foundation for International Education and Monitoring, which took on inter-generational education and mentoring for young women.

Her books include the poetry collection Sew the Old Days and Other Poems (1985) and the aforementioned essay collection Re-Creating Ourselves: African Women & Critical Transformations (1994). She edited Women as Oral Artists (1994) and, with Carole Boyce-Davies, Moving Beyond Boundaries (1995). Her essay, “Not Spinning on the Axis of Maleness,” appears in the 1984 anthology Sisterhood Is Global: The International Women’s Movement Anthology, edited by Robin Morgan, and her poetry was published in the groundbreaking 1992 anthology Daughters of Africa, edited by Margaret Busby.

May she rest in brilliance.

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About Otosirieze Obi-Young

View all posts by Otosirieze Obi-Young
Otosirieze Obi-Young is Deputy Editor of Brittle Paper. He is a judge for the 2018/19 Gerald Kraak Prize and the 2019 Miles Morland Writing Scholarships. He is an editor at 14, Nigeria’s first queer art collective, which has published volumes including We Are Flowers (2017) and The Inward Gaze (2018). He is the curator of the Art Naija Series, a sequence of e-anthologies of writing and visual art focusing on different aspects of Nigerianness, including Enter Naija: The Book of Places (2016), which explores cities, and Work Naija: The Book of Vocations (2017), which explores professions. His fiction has appeared in The Threepenny Review and Transition. He has completed a collection of short stories, You Sing of a Longing, is working on a novel, and is represented by David Godwin Associates literary agency. He attended the University of Nigeria, Nsukka, where he got an M.A. in African Studies and a combined honours B.A. in History & International Studies and English & Literary Studies. He taught English at Godfrey Okoye University, Enugu. Find him at, where he accepts writing and editing offers, or on Instagram or Twitter: @otosirieze. When bored, he Googles Rihanna.

One Response to “Molara Ogundipe, Poet, Editor, & Founder of the Stiwanist Movement in Feminism, Passes on at 78” Subscribe

  1. Jacqueline-Bethel Mougoue June 21, 2019 at 8:06 pm #

    She was brilliant. A big loss to the African feminist community.

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